A concussion is a jarring of the brain caused by a blow or a fall, usually by a collision with a person or a hard surface. Concussions damage the brain. They're serious injuries. If treated properly, the damage is temporary, but if not, concussions can lead to debilitating long-term health consequences, including headaches, memory loss, behavioral changes and even death. Protect yourself—and your game—by learning more through STACK's concussion prevention guide.
Chris Nowinski, President, Sports Legacy Institute
Dr. Jeffrey Kutcher, Director, Michigan NeuroSpo
1 Wear a Properly-Fitted Helmet
Wearing a helmet is (pardon the pun), a "no-brainer," the obvious first step to preventing a concussion. A good helmet provides a protective barrier for your skull and helps absorb impact. Make sure it's properly-fitted—snug but not too snug. Still, Nowinski says you must also take other precautions to remain injury-free.
2 Play With Proper Form
Recent rule changes in high-contact sports like football and hockey have helped minimize head-to-head contact and prevented players diagnosed with a concussion from returning to a game. Use proper tackling or checking form—with your head up. "I hope athletes realize that you're not a hero if you knock somebody out," Nowinski says. "It's about winning the game, scoring the most points and walking away healthy."
3 Know the Symptoms
Less than 10 percent of concussions result in a loss of consciousness, according to Kutcher. If you suffer a blow to the head, make sure you know—and can recognize—the less obvious symptoms, which include headache, dizziness, nausea, confusion, ringing ears, vision and memory problems, fatigue and irritability.
4 Seek Help and Rest
Playing with a concussion can drastically impair your performance—and your team's. Repeated concussions increase the severity of the injury and can cause long-term brain damage that could force you out of your sport forever. If you suspect a concussion, find a coach or trainer and be honest about your injury. "You will be better off in the long run," says Nowinski. "You have to take control of your own career and push away that pressure. It's better to miss one or two games than try to fight through it and lose your career."
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